ISSN: 0970-938X

Biomedical Research

An International Journal of Medical Sciences

Biomedical Research is an interdisciplinary research journal for publication of original research work in all major disciplines of basic and clinical medical sciences. Invited and submitted review articles on current topics will also be included. Doctors are encouraged to contribute interesting case reports.

The journal considers manuscripts for publication, prepared in accordance with the Guidelines for the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (see N Engl J Med 1997; 336: 309–315).

Manuscripts are received with the understanding that they have not been published or are not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts are accepted based on the recommendations of the referees. Published papers become the sole property of biomedical research and will be copyrighted by the journal.

You may submit manuscripts online at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/biomedical-research.html or you may send the article as an email attachment to [email protected]

Peer Review Process

Journal of Biomedical Research is an open access journal. The journal follows a peer review process where our expert reviewers provide comments on the quality and content of the submitted articles on the discoveries and current novel developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. while making them freely available through online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to universal researchers.

Every submitted manuscript processed for preliminary quality control check by editorial office followed by external peer review process. Usually preliminary quality control completes within 7 days and majorly with reference to journal formatting, English and journal scope.

Open Access Policy

Research papers published both in electronic and print versions of Biomedical Research (ISSN 0970-938X) may be freely viewed/ copied/ and printed by individual academicians and researchers.

Disclaimer

Management disclaims any responsibility for the statements and opinion  offered by the author/s in article/s. No material in any form can be reproduced without permission of Scientific Publishers of India.

Abstracted/  indexed in: Biosis, Biosis Previews, Chemical Abstracts, Compendex, Geobase, EBSCO Publishing’ Electronic Database, EMbiology, Elsevier Biobase, Excerpta Medica, EMBASE, FLUIDEX, IndMedica, ISI’s SCI, ISI Web of knowledge, J-Gate, Journal Citation Report, Science Edition, Scopus

Declaration of originality, authorship and competing interest on behalf of all authors of the manuscript.
This manuscript is based on original work and had not been published in whole or part, in any print or electronic media or is under consideration of publication in any print or electronic media other than as abstract of conference proceedings. Persons designated as authors must meet all of the following criteria.

Preparation of Manuscripts
Manuscripts should consist of the following subdivisions: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results/Observations, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Tables, Figures and Legends. All manuscripts should be written in English and number all the pages consecutively beginning with the title page.

The original copy of the manuscript along with figures should be sent to the editorial  online at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/biomedical-research.html or as an email attachment to [email protected]

No need to send hard copies of the manuscripts if they have already been sent through e-mail

Title Page
The title page should include the complete title of the manuscript, the author(s) name(s), address of the institute where the work was conducted, running title and the name and address of the author to whom the correspondence should be sent; 3-8 key words must be included.

Abstract
The abstract should not exceed 250 words. It should be written in complete sentences and should give factual information.

Abbreviations
Abbreviations of units should conform to those shown below:

Deciliter dl

Milligram

mg 

Micrometer

mm

Molar

mol/L

Percent

Kilogram

kg

hours

h

Minutes

min

Milliliter

ml

Other abbreviations and symbols should follow the recommendations on units, symbols and abbreviations: in “A guide for Biological and Medical Editors and Authors (The Royal Society of Medicine London 1977)”.

References

A list of all the references cited in the text should be given at the end of the manuscript. The references should be cited according to the Vancouver agreement. They should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in the text by Arabic numerals [in square brackets]. Authors must check and ensure the accuracy of all references cited. All authors should be cited. Abbreviations of titles of medical periodicals should conform to those used in the latest edition of Index Medicus. The volume of the periodical should be followed by the page number of each reference cited. Some examples are shown below:

Journal article

Gendron F-P, Newbold NL, Vivas-Mejia PE, Wang M, Neary JT, Sun GY, Gonzalez FA, Weisman GA.  Signal transduction pathways for P2Y2 and P2X7 nucleotide receptors that mediate neuroinflammatory responses in astrocytes and microglial cells. Biomed Res 2003; 14: 47-61.

Personal authors’ book

Carr KE, Toner PG. Cell structure: An introduction to electron microscopy. 3rd Ed Edinburgh Churchill Livingstone 1962.

Edited Book

Dauset J, Columbani J eds. Histocompatability 1972. Copenhagen Muksgaard 1973.

Chapter in a book

Fenichel GM. Hemipelgia: In: Clinical Neurology. 2nd ed W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia 1993; pp 246-260.

Tables

Do not submit tables as photographs or scanned documents. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. The tables should be typed on separate sheets. Place explanatory details as footnotes. Give each column a short or abbreviated heading.

Figures

All figures should be listed together. Figures should not exceed 16.5 x 22.0 cm and should be numbered. For the reproduction of illustrations, only good quality drawings and original photographs can be accepted. When possible, group several illustrations on one page for reproduction. Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in the photomicrographs should contrast with the back­ground. Electronically submitted b/w half-tone and color illustrations must have a final resolution of 300 dpi after scaling, and 800-1200 dpi for line drawings.

Article Processing Charges (APC):
 
Average Article prorcessing time (APT) is 55 days

Page charge

Each printed page (A4) will be charged to authors at US$100.00. US$250.00 will be charged for a short paper of 1-3 pages.
For each colour plate additional US$250.00 will be charged to the authors. Payment may be made before publishing the manuscript/s. In special cases page charge may be reduced.

Galley proofs

Unless indicated otherwise, galley proofs will be sent to the first-named author and should be returned within 48 hours of receipt.

Reprints

Reprints may be purchased. Order for supply of reprints may be sent while returning the galley proofs after corrections. No reprint/s will be supplied free of charge. Reprint Order Form and Price List will be sent with the galley proofs.

Referees

Generally, submitted manuscripts are sent to two experienced referees from our panel. The contributor’s may submit names of three qualified reviewers who have had experience in the subject of the submitted manuscript, but are not associated with the same institution(s) as the contributors nor have published manuscripts with the contributors in the past 10 years.

Biomedical Research editors are responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published in current volume of the journal. Editor may be guided by the policies of the journal’s editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism.

Biomedical Research editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to the nature of the authors or the host institution including race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

Biomedical Research editor must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author.

When genuine errors in published work are pointed out by readers, authors, or members of editorial board, which do not render the work invalid, a correction (or erratum) will be published as soon as possible. The online version of the paper may be corrected with a date of correction and a link to the printed erratum. If the error renders the work or substantial parts of it invalid, the process of retraction can be initiated. In such case, the retraction communication with explanations as to the reason for retraction will be published as soon as possible. Consequently, the message about retraction will be indicated on article page and in PDF version of retracted article.

If serious concerns are raised by readers, reviewers, or others, about the conduct, validity, or reporting of academic work, editor will initially contact the authors and allow them to respond to the concerns. If that response is unsatisfactory, allied academies will take this to the institutional level.

Journal of Biomedical Research will respond to all allegations or suspicions of research or publication misconduct raised by readers, reviewers, or other editors. Cases of possible plagiarism or duplicate/redundant publication will be assessed by the journal. In other cases, allied academies may request an investigation by the institution or other appropriate bodies (after seeking an explanation from the authors first and if that explanation is unsatisfactory).

Retracted papers will be retained online, and they will be prominently marked as a retraction in all online versions, including the PDF, for the benefit of future readers.

Duties of Reviewers:

Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.

Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor’s attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Editor will take reviewer misconduct seriously and pursue any allegation of breach of confidentiality, non-declaration of conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial), inappropriate use of confidential material, or delay of peer review for competitive advantage. Allegations of serious reviewer misconduct, such as plagiarism, will be taken to the institutional level.

Duties of Authors:

Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.

Authors should ensure that submitted work is original and has not been published elsewhere in any language, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

Applicable copyright laws and conventions should be followed. Copyright material (e.g. tables, figures or extensive quotations) should be reproduced only with appropriate permission and acknowledgement.

An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/). Do not use patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or a national research council's guide for, or any national law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

Statistics

When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Report losses to observation (such as dropouts from a clinical trial). Put a general description of methods in the Methods section. When data are summarized in the Results section, specify the statistical methods used to analyse them. Avoid non-technical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as 'random' (which implies a randomising device), 'normal', 'significant', 'correlations', and 'sample'. Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols.test

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